There is little doubt that Western culture instills a dread of getting older. Just look at the number of anti-aging products on the market that promise to make us look and feel younger than our years.
But aging will happen to all of us. Should it really be considered a disadvantage, or can we learn to appreciate the gifts and talents of each age, not just youth?
Age discrimination seems to be on full display in the technology industry, as evidenced by a class-action federal lawsuit recently filed by three former IBM employees. These long-time employees of the tech giant charge that the company discriminated against them based on their age when it fired them in June as part of its plan to build a Millennial Corps, an internal network of young employees cited in several legal complaints made against IBM.
IBM has eliminated more than 20,000 American employees ages 40 and over in the last six years. According to ProPublica, that is about 60% of its estimated total U.S. job cuts. In 2006, an IBM Business Consulting Services paper titled “The Maturing Workforce” referred to baby-boomer employees as “gray hairs” and “old heads,” labeling them as “uncollaborative, skeptical of leadership, technologically unsophisticated, less innovative and generally out of touch with IBM’s brand, customers and objectives.”
Unfortunately, lawsuits suggest a similar employment climate could extend well beyond technology:
Veteran Chicago lawyer Dale Kleber had been unemployed for three years when he came across an advertised position that sounded promising, except for one very specific requirement: “3 to 7 years (no more than 7 years) of relevant legal experience.” Although Kleber was 58 at the time and had decades of experience, he applied anyway, was never granted an interview, and the company hired a 29-year-old to fill the position. In 2017, Kleber filed a federal lawsuit against CareFusion, alleging that the seven-year experience cap was discriminatory.
The Communication Workers of America union filed an age discrimination lawsuit last year against hundreds of large employers, including T-Mobile, Amazon, and Cox Media Group, alleging that they used targeted job ads appearing only on the Facebook pages of people within a certain age range. According to the lawsuit, which ironically was filed just days after the 50th anniversary of the passage of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), people outside the designated demographic never saw the ads.
Last month, a former Mississippi basketball coach in his mid-70s filed a federal lawsuit after being replaced by a 28-year-old. The lawsuit alleges that the district’s former athletic director told the man that he was “looking for someone younger.”
Ageism in business – prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person’s age – is nothing new. Robert Butler first coined the term in 1969. However, it is gaining new attention 50 years later because:
People are living longer.
Birth rates are decreasing.
People are working longer since mandatory retirement at 65 is no longer so mandatory.
Perspectives and policies regarding the role of age in the workplace are changing.